What is Depression ? : Causes , Symptoms and Treatment

Sadness , feeling down and having loss of interest in daily activities are familiar feelings for all of us but if they persist and affect our lives substantially the issue may be Depression.
A group of conditions associated with the elevation of lowering of persons mood such as Depression.

Definition
Depression is mood disorder that involve persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest.It is different from the mood fluctuations that people regularly experience as part of life. Depression is on going problem is an ongoing problem ,not a passing one . It consist of episodes during which the symbols last for at least 2 weeks . Depression can last for several weeks,months or years.

•What is Depression ?
Depression is common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel the way you think and how you act. fortunately,it is also treatable.Depression causes feeling of sadness and /or loss of interest in activities once enjoyed .It can lead to variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease person’s ability to function at work and at home.

•Sign and symptoms
The symptoms of Depression can include:-
• A depressed mood .
• reduced interest in activities once enjoyed.
• A loss of sexual desire.
• Changes in appetite.
• Unintentional weight loss or gain.
• Sleeping to much or too little.
• Agitation, restlessness up and down.
• slowed movement and speech.
• fatigue or loss of energy.
• Feeling of worthlessness or guilty.
• Difficulty thinking,Concentrating or making desicions.
• Recurrent thought of death or suicide, or an attempt at suicide.

• In female :-
Depression is nearly twice common among women as men , according to the centers for disease control and prevention.
Below are some symtoms of Depression that tend to appear move often in females .
• irritability
• anxiety
• fatigue
• ruminating
Also ,some types of Depression are unique to females ,such as
• Postpartum Depression
• Premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

• In males
Around 9% men in United state having feelings of Depression or anxiety. according to American psychological association.
Males with depression are more likely than females to drinks alcohol in excess , display anger,and engage in risk- taking as a result of the disorder .
Other symptoms of Depression in males :-
• Avoiding families and social situations.
• Working without a  Break
• Having Difficulty keeping up  with work and family responsibility .
• Controlling behaviour in relationship.

How Depression Treated ?
Depression is among the most treatable of mental disorders. Between 80% and 90%. Of people with depression eventually respond well to treatment almost all patients gain some relief from their symptoms.
Before a diagnosis or treatment  a health professional should conduct a through diagnostic evaluation. including an interview and possibly physical examination . In some cases , a blood test might be done make sure the depression is not due to medical condition like a thyroid problem. The evaluation is identify specific symptoms , medical and family history, cultural factors and environment factors to arrive at diagnosis and plan a course of action.

• Psychotherapy

• Drug treatment

• Medication

A group of conditions associated with the elevation of lowering of persons mood such as Depression.

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